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Kärdla Meteor Crater

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Category Archaeological sightseeings, Tourism objects
Location
Paluküla, Pühalepa vald, Hiiumaa
Coordinates 58.981388, 22.807777
GPS: 58° 58' 53" N, 22° 48' 28" E
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It happened about 455 million years ago that a meteor with a diameter of about half a kilometre started moving towards the earth with the speed 30-40 km/s. The meteor went through a 100-meters thick layer of water in less that 0.1 seconds and a 140-meters thick layer of sedimentary rock and exploded with a force equal to 25,000 explosions of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. The diameter of the crater is 4 km and it is one of the most remarkable ones in the world. The ring wall of the crater can be seen well from Paluküla and Tubala. In Paluküla there is a crater viewing tower. Near the viewing tower you can find a small limestone quarry which reveals the layer of limestone with its cracks.

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